Cambodia is a country in a land geographic area, bordering Kingdom of Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, the Gulf of Kingdom of Thailand and covers a complete space of 181,035 km2 (69,898 sq mi).
The country is situated in its entirety inside the tropical Indomalayan ecozone and the Indochina Time zone.
Cambodia is main geographical options area unit the low lying Central Plain that has the Tonlé Sap basin, the lower Mekong River flood-plains and the Bassac River plain surrounded by mountain ranges
to the north, east, in the south-west and south.
The central lowlands extend into Vietnam to the south-east.
The south and south-west of the country constitute a 443 km (275 mi) long coast at the Gulf of Thailand, characterized by sizable mangrove marshes, peninsulas, sandy beaches and headlands, and bays. Cambodia's territorial waters account for over 50 islands. The highest peak is Phnom Aural, sitting 1,810 meters (5,938 ft) above sea level.
The terra firma is bisected by the Mekong River, which at 486 km (302 mi) is the longest river in Cambodia.
After in-depth rapids, turbulent sections and cataracts in Laos, the river enters the country at Stung Treng province, is predominantly calm and navigable during the entire year as it
widens considerably in the lowlands.
The Mekong's waters disperse into the encompassing wetlands of central Asian country and powerfully have an effect on the seasonal nature of the Tonlé Sap lake.
Two third of the country's population sleep in the lowlands, where the rich sediment deposited during the Mekong's annual flooding makes the agricultural lands highly fertile.
As deforestation and over-exploitation affected Cambodia only in recent decades, forests, low mountain ranges, and local eco-regions still retain much of their natural potential and although still home to
the largest areas of contiguous and intact forests inland geographic area, multiple serious environmental issues persist and accumulate, which are closely related to rapid population growth, uncontrolled globalization, and
The majority of the country lies at intervals the Tropical grassland climate zone, as the coastal areas in the South and West receive noticeably more and steady rain before and during
the wet season. These areas constitute the easternmost fringes of the south-west monsoon, determined to be inside the Tropical monsoon climate.
Countrywide there area unit 2 seasons of comparatively equal length, outlined by variable precipitation as temperatures and humidness area unit usually high and steady throughout the whole year.